Your contraception options
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There’s no need to be intimidated by the variety of contraceptive options out there. It may seem like a minefield, but there are plenty of resources that can help you make the right decision for your body and lifestyle. The main types of contraception available are:
- Condoms: made from latex and worn on the penis. They prevent a man’s semen from coming into contact with their sexual partner. They help to protect against pregnancy as well as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). Condoms are 98% effective.
- The Pill: hormones in this pill prevent your ovaries from releasing an egg as well as making it difficult for sperm to reach the egg. It is over 99% effective.
- Contraceptive implant: a small flexible tube about 40mm long that is inserted under the skin in your upper arm. It prevents the release of eggs from the ovaries and slowly releases Progesterone, which makes it harder for sperm to move through your cervix. This lessens the likelihood of pregnancy. It is over 99% effective.
- Coil (intrauterine device): a small T-shaped plastic and copper device that is inserted into the womb. It stops the sperm and egg from surviving in the womb or fallopian tubes. It may also prevent a fertilized egg from implanting itself in the womb. It is more than 99% effective and, once inserted you don’t need to worry about it for between 5-10 years, depending on the type.
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