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Von Hagens’ technique – which he previously applied to an exhibition of the human body – halts the decomposition of the body by replacing fluids with plastics such as silicone rubber, polymers and resins to permanently preserve the specimens.

Animals Inside Out, previously in Canada, opens in Newcastle tomorrow (May 28th) at the Centre For Life. Tickets are available here. It will be in situ until January.

No animal was killed or harmed for the exhibition. It was made possible thanks to cooperation from zoos and university veterinary programmes.

[descriptionshort] =>

Anatomist Dr Gunther von Hagens - most famous for cutting open human corpses on live TV - is back.

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Boris Johnson was surrounded by Vote Leave and Vote Remain activists as he visited Winchester on Thursday.

He’s currently touring around the country on board his Vote Leave campaign bus, ahead of next month’s EU referendum. And ready for his arrival in the Hampshire city’s centre, supporters of each side in the Brexit battle met on the historic Buttercross.

As the Tory MP and former London Mayor attempted to give a speech, a lot of it was drowned out. Opponents were shouting “Liar, liar” – yep, you could say there was a bit of a lively atmosphere in Winchester.

activists surround boris johnson
Can you spot the banana in the crowd? (Dominic Lipinski/PA)

And there was one particular activist that really stood out from the crowds.

Someone dressed in a full-on gorilla suit followed Johnson round, with a sign in their hands saying: “I eat five in a bunch Boris.”

ICYMI, Boris Johnson has claimed the European Union prevents bananas being sold in more than bunches of three. He called it “absurd”, but people have been quick to call him out over this claim.

So we’re guessing that was the inspiration behind this particular get-up …

gorilla suit activist behind boris johnson
Must have got hot inside that costume… (Dominic Lipinski/PA)

There was more fancy dress on show – another person was dressed as a banana, holding a placard saying: “Vote stay, let’s not crash the economy.”

Meanwhile, supporters of Johnson applauded him and several asked him to pose for selfies (of course they did).

[descriptionshort] =>

Boris Johnson was surrounded by Vote Leave and Vote Remain activists as he visited Winchester on Thursday.

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Scottish universities are lagging behind colleges in providing access for disadvantaged students, according to a report.

90% of growth in higher education for disadvantaged students over the past ten years comes has come from colleges rather than universities, according to the Sutton Trust’s Access in Scotland report.

The report also reveals that students from the five wealthiest areas of Scotland are four times more likely to go to university than their fellow students in the five least advantaged regions.

Between 2013 and 2014, 55% of Scottish students began some form of continued education. 20.9% started at a Further Education (FE) college, whilst 34.1% went to university.

In the same period, 46.6% of English students continued their education - but only 6% started at an FE college.

The findings suggest that pursuing a university education is difficult for many Scottish students from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Researchers, led by Professor Sheila Riddell of the University of Edinburgh (pictured), are using the findings to push for a new independent Commissioner for Fair Access.

They would also like to see a new Commission on Widening Access goal of a fifth of students from the 20% poorest areas of Scotland by 2030.

Riddell says that "despite free tuition, the Scottish university has much work to do in order to realise the goal of fair access."

It is hoped that the study will lead to increased funding for and awareness of the needs of disadvantaged students.

Sir Peter Lampl, chairman of the Sutton Trust and of the Education Endowment Foundation, added that improved access to higher education at the best universities is “vital”.

[descriptionshort] =>

Disadvantaged students have to break barriers to start at university.

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Student suicides are at their highest level in a decade – a rate of nearly three a week.

130 students took their own lives in 2014, up from 127 in 2010 and a significant increase from the 75 recorded in 2007.

Three quarters of suicides were from male students, highlighting the need for more targeted support.

The statistics, just released by the Office for National Statistics, comes after the news that half of ambulance visits to York University were for suicide attempts.

In the first five weeks of 2016 at York, there were 12 self-harm or suicide attempts where an ambulance was called out - half of all emergencies on campus, up from 32% the year before.

90% of university staff working in these areas reported dealing with the police or coroner last year.

York’s vice-chancellor, Professor Keon Lambert, speaking to the BBC, said it showed a "growing issue, not just for universities but for society as a whole.

"Rates of mental ill-health are increasing, we wanted our staff and students to feel able to talk about what that means for the university."

That report showed the main trigger points were moving away from home for the first time, relationships and money worries.

Samaritans offer free and confidential support by calling freephone 116 123 or visiting samaritans.org.

[descriptionshort] =>

Student suicides are at their highest level in a decade.

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Residents in the Welsh village of Rhydypandy are in the midst of dealing with an unexpected drug problem - one that involves sheep, not humans. 

City councillor Ioan Richard says the sheep found and began to eat their way through a mound of dumped cannabis plants. The fly-tip that has now been cleared away, albeit a bit late.

The plants, which had been left by the side of a road, were likely from a nearby illegal cannabis factory.

By getting rid of the plants the grower did a good job of keeping them out of the way of Welsh users - but whoever dumped the plants clearly didn't anticipate the nearby flock finding the stash.

Residents worry the sheep consumed the plants then took off in a confused, drug-fueled daze.

The sheep broke into people's homes and gardens, one going so far as to enter and make a mess in a resident's bedroom. 

The sheep are not only causing mischief; they can create significant dangers for drivers in the area by standing in the roads. In a neighbouring town, some sheep were killed when they wandered into drivers' way.

The South Wales police have urged anyone who has information about the source of the fly-tipped cannabis to come forward. In the meantime, we hope the sheep are coming down from their high safely.

[descriptionshort] =>

Sheep in Rhydypandy feel a little woolly-headed after accidentally getting high

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Jury service may become a tad more exciting in the future, after new advances in virtual reality technology could be utilised in the courtroom.

Only theorised in the glitzy CSI TV show, jurors of the future may don headsets and be transported to the scene of the crime.

Researchers at Staffordshire University have been trialling a scheme to give a virtual tour of a crime scene, allowing a barrister to guide the jury through all the details.

Using virtual reality headsets, special cameras and green screen technology, boffins hope that jurors can gain a better understanding of the evidence.

Dr Sturdy Colls, associate professor of forensics said: "What we want to do is to come up with the best solution that helps the criminal justice system - help the police in their detection and recording of crime and then to help jurors in court to understand those crimes better that they ever did before."

The headsets would cost around £700 each, or £8,400 per jury - a price point Staffordshire Police says is affordable.

It is unknown how long it would take before it could become common in courtrooms.

Barrister Jason Holt, of Steven Solicitors, said he was “sceptical” that it would make an impact on cases.

"We don't have a very good track record with bringing technology into court rooms.

"We've recently gone on to a digital system within the Crown court and it's causing significant delays; the systems we're using break down, the technology isn't sufficient and we go back to pen and paper. It's causing delays in court, in my own experience.

"I do wonder how much difference going to a crime scene in 3D will make, compared to a standard DVD and video cameras which are used at the moment to record similar information."

Examples of using virtual reality to tell the whole story have previously been used in journalism. This YouTube video (below) gives viewers a better understanding of the Treyvon Martin shooting in the US.

We’ll just have to hope technology catches up with the courts, but don’t hold your breath just yet.

[descriptionshort] =>

Virtual reality could be headed to a courtroom near you.

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Britain is about to vote in a ‘once-in-a-generation’ referendum that will decide the future of our membership of the European Union. But people aged 18 to 24 are traditionally the least likely to pop a ballot paper in the box. In the general election last year, just 52% voted.

So if you’re yet to engage in the debate, unsure of which way to vote or in need of a bit of persuasion to actually turn up, then look no further. We’ve spoken to two key young voices about the referendum – Tom Harwood, who wants us to go, and Megan Dunn, who thinks we should stay.

Tom Harwood, 19, chair of the Students for Britain campaign and a student at Durham University.

Tom Harwood of the Students for Britain campaign
Tom Harwood (Students for Britain)

Megan Dunn, 25, former NUS president and University of Aberdeen graduate.

Megan Dunn
Megan Dunn (NUS)

Why does the debate matter?

David Cameron and Boris Johnson
(Christopher Furlong/PA; Gareth Fuller/PA)

“For students and young people this is a massively important debate,” says Megan. “Lots of elections are defined in the UK by votes from people over the age of 50 and 60, but this is a debate that really will shape the future of the UK and the future of young people and students in the UK and I think that it’s really important that they get involved.”

For Tom, the debate matters because it’s an “issue that is very, very clouded”. “Not many people know that much about it [the EU], “he says.  “It’s something that affects all of our lives and it’s so pervasive in terms of UK policy.”

What positive impact does the EU have?

EU Flags
(Virginia Mayo/AP)

There aren’t any plus points, according to Tom. Even when pressed, the ‘out’ campaigner said: “I honestly can’t think of anything the European union does that is positive that we wouldn’t be able to achieve when we’re outside of it.”

But Megan believes students benefit from learning alongside Europeans: “Our education is shaped by a range of different perspectives, by different arguments. Part of our education is being challenged by ideas that aren’t familiar to you and I think that that element of challenge is really aided by having students sitting around you from all around the EU who can talk about their different perspectives.”

Will students still be able to study abroad?

Graduates
(Chris Radburn/PA)

It goes without saying: the Erasmus scheme provides fantastic opportunities for linguists. But will it go if we go? No, says Tom: “It’s a programme that can be opted in by loads of countries. Not only are Turkey, Iceland and Switzerland all full members, but also countries like Canada and Israel participate in the Erasmus Plus programme.”

Megan is less optimistic: “The Erasmus scheme is hugely beneficial to students and I think if we left the EU it would be lots harder for people to have those experiences and to have those challenges.

“The amount of red tape that you would have to go through would be much harder.”

How will jobs be affected?

A tattered EU flag
(Steve Parsons/PA)

The ability to travel freely and work abroad across the EU attracts many graduates, but workplace laws could be affected too if we left, according to Megan.

“There’s an economic argument that regularly gets made around businesses in the UK if the UK left the EU, but more than that I think it’s about things like laws that protect you against discrimination in the work place.

“I think that this Government has already indicated that they don’t want these things to survive.”

The issue for Tom surrounds companies staying in the UK. He believes that despite the threats, companies will remain on British soil. “I don’t think people believe that companies are going to leave, because the same companies that are coming out now saying ‘Oh the world’s going to end if we leave the EU’ are the same ones that said: ‘The world’s going to end and we’re going to leave the UK if we don’t join the euro’. And they’re still here now.”

What about migration?

The UK border at Heathrow
(Steve Parsons/PA)

Tom believes that it is a “very 19th-century view to think the only opportunities are in Europe”. He says we currently “discriminate hugely” against non-EU countries, making it “really hard” for skilled migrants to come to Britain from the likes of Australia and India.

“We’re discriminating in favour of EU countries so if we leave we’ll be able to have a fair migration policy where of course we can live and work in other places.”

“We’re not going to suddenly pull up any kind of drawbridge, in fact we’ll become a much more open and dynamic economy when we leave.”

But Megan thinks the Government have shown no intention of opening borders.

“What we have seen is that this Government isn’t interested in opening the doors for the rest of the world, simply to shutting them, and I think that being in the EU protects EU students from that and ensures that they have a place in our higher education system.”

Are there any benefits to the opposition campaign?

Campaign material from Students for Britain
Campaign material (Students for Britain)

Megan doesn’t see there being a benefit to the ‘out’ campaign for students: “I don’t think that shutting our doors to the rest of the world and pretending that it isn’t there is going to help students.”

Tom, meanwhile, can’t find a thread of support for the ‘in’ campaign: “I honestly don’t really understand how people can say that uniquely these 28 countries, that happen to be in Europe and in this political institution called the EU, they’re not able to go off on themselves.”

He “simply doesn’t buy” that it would be “Armageddon” if Britain voted to leave.

How will students vote?

Students for Britain campaigners in Durham City
Students for Britain campaigners in Durham City (Students for Britain)

Tom thinks that student apathy is a serious concern, and has come against problems when campaigning. “The student population is so apathetic about this issue – no one cares at all,” he says.

But lots of students are being swayed by the ‘out’ campaign, he says. “When you get people into a conversation they are really open and perceptive to the arguments… When you actually engage with the issues, and really positive internationalist issues, people are so receptive and actually so many people have gone from wavering on not knowing much about it to being leave supporters, or people who were ‘why on earth would I even think about leaving’ are now waverers.”

Megan, however, believes that “seven in 10 students are intending to vote to stay in the EU”, and despite the classic young-voter-apathy, believes that “students recognise that this is a once-in-a-generation vote, that the consequences are to a large extent irreversible and that it is more important than ever that they use their vote to determine their futures”.

The EU referendum will be held on Thursday, June 23. Any British, Irish or Commonwealth citizen over the age of 18, and British nationals living abroad who have been on the electoral register here in the last 15 years, can vote.

[descriptionshort] =>

This is how you'll be affected by the EU Referendum.

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Traditionally, my knowledge of Paganism and Wicca can be solely traced back to episodes of Charmed and Supernatural, but just recently that all changed.

This past weekend I was invited by a friend of mine, who also happens to be a practicing witch, to attend a Witch Live! event at Preston Manor in Brighton.

Preston Manor, for those who haven’t been, is a large Edwardian house that basically looks a combined movie set of the Haunted Mansion and The Secret Garden. Located just two minutes from Brighton’s city centre, it was the perfect backdrop for a love ritual (yes, you read that correctly).

I have to admit I really didn’t know what to expect when my friend told me he was going to participate in a Wiccan ritual and asked if I would be interested in going along. I was honestly really curious to see what it would look like and it was something I’d never done before, so I agreed.

Getting off the train, it became abundantly clear that the weather would not be in our favour.  The sky became one big grey storm cloud waiting to burst. In retrospect this probably only added to the overall ambiance; I mean how creepy is an old manor house if the sun is shining?

The manor itself is located right off the main road hidden by a grove of trees. Walking up the driveway there was only one car parked on the roundabout and pretty much no other sign of life (on a side note, I have to mention that I spook easily, I don’t enjoy horror movies and would never have made it through Halloween as a kid if I wasn’t hopped up on sugar).

That being said the door to the manor was closed and my friend, clearly the braver one, walked right up and knocked. I’m being completely serious when I say the door was slowly opened by an old man, an employee of the house, who promptly invited us to come inside (“that’s not creepy at all!” said no one ever).

With the exception of the three other employees I briefly saw milling about, we were the only people in the whole place. The house was actually pretty remarkable and besides the brief interlude in the basement, where I refused to go in first and still swear I heard a girl scream, nothing else gave me the chills or made me want to cry.

The first floor featured an exhibition on Doreen Valiente, a popular Brighton witch who was accredited with helping to modernise witchcraft. This was pretty interesting because not only did it discuss the history of Paganism and witchcraft, but it also had modern day examples of Wiccan tools (for any Charmed fans out there, The Book of Shadows, athame, and scrying crystals are all legitimate tools used today).

By 2:30pm a group of about 15 people had gathered inside the house and were awaiting further instruction. It was around this time that we were informed by a member of staff that the “event” hosted by five practicing witches that belong to the Doreen Valiente foundation, would begin shortly.

As we were led out to the gardens (apparently these sorts of things aren’t held indoors), it became clear that we would ALL be participating in the ritual. I should point out that up until this moment I assumed we would only be spectators, or at the very least only practicing witches and/or pagans would be allowed to participate. Most people in the group fell into this category which left me as one of the few people that didn’t have a clue as to what was going on.

Luckily the coordinators of the event had prepared for just this sort of reaction as they proceeded to explain exactly how the ritual would unfold.

We performed a love ritual that required us to get in a physical circle and open a metaphorical circle (or a portal?) to the spirit world. There were little altars set up at four points along the circle that were meant to represent the four elements.

From my understanding, the four elements play a huge role in Paganism and Wicca. We were then given charms alongside candles and had to inscribe the candles with a symbol which we felt best represented the overall concept of love (we were told not to focus on the love of anything specific, because apparently that’s just asking for bad juju).

After that we had to oil our candles and present them to the four elements, which involved us facing each of the elements that are tied in with the four directions, i.e. North for Earth, East for Air, South for Fire and West for Water, and calling to them to give us their blessing. I'm not sure if the directions have ever replied!

We had to do the same thing to close the circle at the end of the ritual. At one point during the ritual we were given mead, ginger wine and cookies to 'ground our energy', which I didn't mind one bit. If you haven’t had mead you’re missing out.

I really tried going in to the ritual with an open mind because, like any religion, these people had a system they believed in and I definitely wasn’t about to come in and start judging.

Even when they all looked liked they had come direct from a Renaissance fair, I rationalised the same could probably be said of Catholic priests, who aren’t exactly renowned for their low-key dress sense. 

Putting my scepticism to one side and loosening up a bit, the whole experience became interesting, fun and in many ways eye-opening.

There was one moment where we had to go around in a circle dancing with drums beating in the background, all whilst chanting to the elements; I think this was pretty much the only time that I felt really stupid and coincidentally probably the moment that would have sent my Catholic grandma straight into the nearest church to pray for my eternal soul. 

But as a whole, the witches themselves were down to earth people and there was free food, so I was a pretty happy camper.

Would I do it again? If there was mead involved, definitely.

Is it worth the price of the ticket? Yes, even if you’re not a practicing witch/Pagan/Druid/etc. I guarantee you’ll meet some of the most interesting people in your life in a place that looks straight out of an episode of Scooby Doo.

Is it safe? Unless you trip on the tall weeds in the garden, you should be completely fine.

[descriptionshort] =>

Putting my scepticism to one side, the whole experience actually became interesting, fun and in many ways eye-opening.

[movie] => [publication_date] => 2016-05-26 [publication_date1] => 26th May 2016 [publication_time] => 13:30:00 [tags] => In Depth [meta_keywords] => Wicca, Pagan, witch, witchcraft, Brighton, alternative religion [meta_description] => I attended a wicca witchcraft event in Brighton [createtime] => 2016-05-26 [lastactiontime] => 2016-05-26 12:48:45 [user_name] => Rebeca Loera [desc1] => Putting my scepticism to one side, the whole experience actually became interesting, fun and in many ways eye-opening. [desc2] => Traditionally, my knowledge of Paganism and Wicca can be solely traced back to episodes of Char [comments] => 0 [cat] => Array ( [name] => In Depth [news_categoryid] => 40 [parentid] => 1 [link] => In_Depth/ ) [link] => In_Depth/2016-05-26/my_weekend_as_a_witch.html [picture] => admin/images/basic/min/18415_300_200.jpg [picture1] => admin/images/basic/min/18415_120_90.jpg [picture3] => http://www.thenationalstudent.com/admin/images/basic/18415.jpg ) [12312] => Array ( [newsid] => 12312 [position] => 0 [score] => 3 [state] => 3 [visits] => 202 [news_categoryid] => ,1, [universityid] => 555 [userid] => 2831 [userid1] => 0 [ban_main] => 0 [ban_cat] => 0 [main_page] => 0 [title] => Self-harm linked to higher risk of suicide in later life [urltitle] => News/2016-05-26/selfharm_linked_to_higher_risk_of_suicide_in_later_life.html [alternate_title] => Self-harm linked to suicide [description] =>

Over 50% of young people who died by commiting suicide had previously self-harmed, a report has found.

Bereavement, physical illness, school pressures and bullying were listed as some of the reasons behind the suicides, researchers found. The report looked at a number of suicide cases for 130 children and those aged under 20.

More than 25% of these individuals had expressed suicidal ideas in the week before they died, academics based at the University of Manchester found.

 

According to figures, between January 2014 and April last year 145 young people died by suicide. Researchers for the university’s National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness (NCISH) looked at information in relation to 130 of those cases.

A staggering 70% of those who died were male and suicide rates were found to rise sharply in older teenagers. Equally unsettling is the revelation that 66 of those who died were aged between 10 and 17, and 5 of them were younger than 14.

The professionals behind the report noted that death by suicide was rarely down to a single cause, and most suicides come as the result of a build-up of different stresses.

 

Professor Louis Appleby, director of the inquiry, said: “There are often family problems such as drug misuse or domestic violence and more recent stresses such as bullying or bereavement, leading to a ‘final straw’ factor such as an exam or relationship breakdown.”

One further factor was the internet, which the researchers found to be a cause of pain for some; they recorded instances of people expressing suicidal thoughts on social media and some people had been victims of online bullying.

The researchers said that improvements need to be made to self-harm services and access to child and adolescent mental health services was “crucial” to addressing the issue of suicide in young people.

Man walking into the light of a tunnel
(Ben Goode/Thinkstock)

Professor Nav Kapur, NCISH head of suicide research, said: “Self-harm is strongly associated with increased future risk of suicide and is one of the main warning signs.

“It is crucial that there is improved help for self-harm and access to mental health care.

“However, with the variety of factors we found with this study, it is clear that schools, primary care, social services and youth justice all have a role to play.”

The report is the the first stage in a UK-wide analysis of suicides in people aged under 25. It also identified warning signs in some cases and highlighted the need for the provision of proper support, the Samaritans said.

 

The head of external affairs for the charity, Jacqui Morrissey, said: “From the report, Samaritans is concerned that in the majority of cases there were clear warning signs that the young person was struggling to cope.”

She added: “The message is clear, we need to make sure that the right support is in place for all young people, that all parents, carers and teachers understand about suicide risk and that young people are equipped to look after their emotional well-being before life’s pressures become overwhelming.”

Man at end of pier
(stevanovicigor/Thinkstock)

Brian Dow from Rethink Mental Illness, said: “This report shows how our mental health services need to improve. A recent report from Centre Forum found that over a quarter of young people are being turned away from mental health services; that’s a disastrous situation.

“We must redouble our efforts to support children and young people and ensure that they are getting the help they need.”

The Royal College of Nursing said early intervention was key to tackling the issue.

[descriptionshort] =>

More needs to be done to recognise the warning signs of suicide, research and experts suggest

[movie] => [publication_date] => 2016-05-26 [publication_date1] => 26th May 2016 [publication_time] => 11:33:00 [tags] => News [meta_keywords] => Suicide, self-harm, young people, mental health, University of Manchester, research, [meta_description] => University of Manchester research has found that young people who self-harm are more likely to commit suicide in later life [createtime] => 2016-05-26 [lastactiontime] => 2016-05-26 10:53:20 [user_name] => Gigi McGreggor [desc1] => More needs to be done to recognise the warning signs of suicide, research and experts suggest [desc2] => Over 50% of young people who died by commiting suicide had previously self-harmed, a report ha [comments] => 0 [cat] => Array ( [name] => News [news_categoryid] => 1 [parentid] => 0 [link] => News/ ) [link] => News/2016-05-26/selfharm_linked_to_higher_risk_of_suicide_in_later_life.html [picture] => admin/images/basic/min/18410_300_200.jpg [picture1] => admin/images/basic/min/18410_120_90.jpg [picture3] => http://www.thenationalstudent.com/admin/images/basic/18410.jpg ) [12309] => Array ( [newsid] => 12309 [position] => 0 [score] => 4 [state] => 3 [visits] => 121 [news_categoryid] => ,37, [universityid] => 555 [userid] => 2817 [userid1] => 0 [ban_main] => 0 [ban_cat] => 0 [main_page] => 0 [title] => SohoCreate festival to champion young creatives this June [urltitle] => National/2016-05-26/sohocreate_festival_to_champion_young_creatives_this_june.html [alternate_title] => SohoCreate festival celebrates young creativity. [description] =>

Are you interested in directing? Designing? Writing? Cooking? Producing? 

We could go on and on, but you get the idea. Just about every creative industry you can think of will be represented at the UK's biggest festival celebrating creativity, this 6-10 June: SohoCreate. 

If you're looking for inspiration and advice as you move from being a creative student to being a creative professional, this is the place to be. Over 100 speakers will be in attendance at Soho Square over the course of the week.

The festival, founded in 2013 with the partnership of Westminster City Council, hosts leaders from a vast array of creative professions.

Major "headliners" at this year's event include fragrance expert Jo Malone, theatre director Indhu Rubasingham, The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time playwright Simon Stephens and fashion designer Henry Holland.

Daily events include talks, workshops, parties, debates, open houses and pop-ups. Discussions are set to focus on keeping companies creative and celebrating the impact creative, forward-thinking minds have on a variety of industries in Soho and beyond.

Tickets are on sale now at www.sohocreate.co.uk.

[descriptionshort] =>

Intellectuals are coming together to celebrate the world's most creative square mile.

[movie] => [publication_date] => 2016-05-26 [publication_date1] => 26th May 2016 [publication_time] => 11:00:00 [tags] => festivals [meta_keywords] => festival, soho, creative, professional, opportunities [meta_description] => This article announces the SohoCreate festival this June. [createtime] => 2016-05-26 [lastactiontime] => 2016-05-26 11:11:43 [user_name] => Allie Hitchcock [desc1] => Intellectuals are coming together to celebrate the world's most creative square mile. [desc2] => Are you interested in directing? Designing? Writing? Cooking? Producing?  We could go on [comments] => 0 [cat] => Array ( [name] => National [news_categoryid] => 37 [parentid] => 1 [link] => National/ ) [link] => National/2016-05-26/sohocreate_festival_to_champion_young_creatives_this_june.html [picture] => admin/images/basic/min/18411_300_200.jpg [picture1] => admin/images/basic/min/18411_120_90.jpg [picture3] => http://www.thenationalstudent.com/admin/images/basic/18411.jpg ) [12308] => Array ( [newsid] => 12308 [position] => 0 [score] => 3 [state] => 3 [visits] => 321 [news_categoryid] => ,38, [universityid] => 0 [userid] => 2718 [userid1] => 0 [ban_main] => 0 [ban_cat] => 0 [main_page] => 0 [title] => Global warming could affect life on other planets [urltitle] => International/2016-05-26/global_warming_could_affect_life_on_other_planets.html [alternate_title] => [description] =>

Scientists believe global warming could affect life on billions of Earth-like planets orbiting the most common stars in our galaxy, meaning the devastating effects of rising global temperatures aren't limited to just Earth.

Earth-sized planets orbiting close to dim red dwarf stars in the Milky Way were initially thought to be good candidates for harbouring life, and experts believe there could still be a “bonanza” of small habitable worlds the size of Mars out there.

A reproduction of the view of the earth from a spaceship (Luca Bruno/AP)
Life on Earth-like planets may be affected by global warming (Luca Bruno/AP)

But new research suggests that even though these “habitable zone” worlds may be situated just far away enough from their stars to permit liquid surface water to form, they are likely to be encased in stifling atmospheres, causing a runaway greenhouse effect.

Such atmospheres would boil away surface water and make the planets too hot for lifeforms to survive. A similar effect is seen on Venus, where surface temperatures are hot enough to melt lead.

(Kelly Humphrey/AP)
Surface temperatures on Venus (the black dot pictured)  are hot enough to melt lead (Kelly Humphrey/AP)

Red dwarf stars make up around 75% of the stars found in the Milky Way. For this reason scientists predict they are the best bets for hosting billions of habitable planets.

Of the planets that do orbit red dwarf stars, many have thick hydrogen and helium atmospheres. Scientists thought radiation from the parent stars would blast away much of the gas, but detailed computer simulations have now shown that planets the size of Earth or larger orbiting close to red dwarfs are likely to retain their thick atmospheres.

There is hope yet, however, as smaller planets similar in size to Mars might lose enough of their atmospheres to make them habitable.

Imperial College London on Exhibition Road in central London (Philip Toscano/PA)
One researcher from Imperial College London says there might be lots of potentially habitable planets whirling round in space (Philip Toscano/PA)

Dr Subhanjoy Mohanty, one of the researchers from Imperial College London, said: “There are hints from recent exoplanet discoveries that relatively puny planets may be even more common around red dwarfs than Earth mass or larger ones, in which case there may indeed be a bonanza of potentially habitable planets whirling around these cool red stars.”

The study has been published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

[descriptionshort] =>

Greenhouse gases affect life not just on Earth, but across the galaxy

[movie] => [publication_date] => 2016-05-26 [publication_date1] => 26th May 2016 [publication_time] => 10:10:00 [tags] => International [meta_keywords] => Space, galaxy, Milky Way, Earth, Mars, global warming, life, red dwarf star, greenhouse gases [meta_description] => Greenhouse gases affect life not just on Earth but on planets across the galaxy we know as the Milky Way [createtime] => 2016-05-26 [lastactiontime] => 2016-05-26 09:30:25 [user_name] => Grace Harris [desc1] => Greenhouse gases affect life not just on Earth, but across the galaxy [desc2] => Scientists believe global warming could affect life on billions of Earth-like planets orbiting [comments] => 0 [cat] => Array ( [name] => International [news_categoryid] => 38 [parentid] => 1 [link] => International/ ) [link] => International/2016-05-26/global_warming_could_affect_life_on_other_planets.html [picture] => admin/images/basic/min/18406_300_200.jpg [picture1] => admin/images/basic/min/18406_120_90.jpg [picture3] => http://www.thenationalstudent.com/admin/images/basic/18406.jpg ) [12306] => Array ( [newsid] => 12306 [position] => 0 [score] => 4 [state] => 3 [visits] => 248 [news_categoryid] => ,37, [universityid] => 0 [userid] => 203 [userid1] => 0 [ban_main] => 0 [ban_cat] => 0 [main_page] => 0 [title] => Cameron asks young people to spare 'three minutes' to register to vote [urltitle] => National/2016-05-26/david_cameron_asks_young_people_to_spare_three_minutes_to_register_to_vote_.html [alternate_title] => [description] =>

David Cameron needs you to register to vote in the EU Referendum. 

The Prime Minister has announced a drive to urge young people to register to have their say on Brexit, before the deadline on 7th June.

Cameron's plee suggests concern in the Remain camp about a potentially tight result in the referendum on Britain’s membership of the EU.

Casting the referendum as “a vote for your life”, the Prime Minister reiterated that young people now have less than two weeks to sign up for a vote in the June 23rd poll.

And he admitted that he is ready to accept the slenderest of majorities as a victory for Remain, dismissing the argument that a close result could provide the platform for a swift re-run poll.

Ukip leader Nigel Farage has argued that anything short of a two-thirds majority for Remain would represent “unfinished business” and could provoke demands for an early second referendum from Leave advocates who feel the campaign has not been run fairly.

But Cameron said it was “obvious” that a simple majority was enough to settle the question in a referendum and Brexit supporters had to stick to the rules.

Speaking during a visit to Japan for the G7 summit, the PM said: “There are very clear rules for referendums – you’ve got to get out there and win a majority.”

Cameron made no effort to conceal his anxiety that younger voters – who polls suggest are strongly in favour of continued EU membership – may not use their ballots on June 23.

Some pollsters believe a low turnout among the young is the most likely factor to produce victory for Brexit, which is more popular among older age groups.

“One thing on the campaigning front that is probably my greatest concern is doing everything we can in the next week in order to get people to register to vote, particularly young people,” said Cameron.

“This is absolutely a vote about their future. This vote will determine the sort of country, the sort of economy they grow up in, the sort of opportunities that they have.

“Definitely something that is concerning me is that the last election turnout among young people was more in the 40 percents rather than the 60 percents.

The #EUReferendum – once in a generation …

“This is a vote for their lifetimes, so we are going to do everything we can to encourage people to register.

“If you go to gov.uk, it only takes three minutes. We are doing everything we can to encourage people because it is a vote for your life.”

[descriptionshort] =>

You've got until 7th June to register.

[movie] => [publication_date] => 2016-05-26 [publication_date1] => 26th May 2016 [publication_time] => 09:27:00 [tags] => politics, news [meta_keywords] => david cameron, david cameron remain, remain campaign, eu remain, young people eu, young people brexit [meta_description] => David Cameron is urging young people to register to vote in the EU referendum on 23rd June. [createtime] => 2016-05-26 [lastactiontime] => 2016-05-26 08:59:37 [user_name] => Lucy Miller [desc1] => You've got until 7th June to register. [desc2] => David Cameron needs you to register to vote in the EU Referendum.  The Prime Minister has [comments] => 0 [cat] => Array ( [name] => National [news_categoryid] => 37 [parentid] => 1 [link] => National/ ) [link] => National/2016-05-26/david_cameron_asks_young_people_to_spare_three_minutes_to_register_to_vote_.html [picture] => admin/images/basic/min/18404_300_200.jpg [picture1] => admin/images/basic/min/18404_120_90.jpg [picture3] => http://www.thenationalstudent.com/admin/images/basic/18404.jpg ) [12302] => Array ( [newsid] => 12302 [position] => 0 [score] => 3 [state] => 3 [visits] => 169 [news_categoryid] => ,38, [universityid] => 0 [userid] => 2718 [userid1] => 0 [ban_main] => 0 [ban_cat] => 0 [main_page] => 0 [title] => Kinder SHOCK-olade: Far-right extremists angry at multi-ethnic chocolate packaging [urltitle] => International/2016-05-25/kinder_shockolade_farright_angry_at_multiethnic_chocolate_packaging.html [alternate_title] => [description] =>

Germany's national football team have appeared on the packaging for a popular chocolate brand - and subsequently sparked an online outrage among the country’s far right, as they include childhood pictures of players of migrant origin.

Ferrero swapped the usual blond boy featured on its Kinder bars ahead of this summer’s European Championships, featuring photos of German players as children instead.

Packages of a popular chocolate bar with childhood pictures of German national soccer players, from top, Jerome Boateng, Lukas Podolski and Ilkay Gundogan
(Ferdinand Ostrop/AP/PA)

Among them are Jerome Boateng, whose father is from Ghana, and Ilkay Gundogan, whose parents are Turkish.

A number of online groups have expressed outrage and threatened to boycott the chocolate manufacturer. 

A regional branch of the anti-Islam Pegida movement asked on Facebook: “Is this a joke?”

Tommy Frenck, the owner of a restaurant catering to the far right, said on Facebook the pictures “make it very easy to give up chocolate” and urged a boycott “until marketing bosses have come to their senses”.

A package with a short bio of national soccer player Jerome Boateng sits on a package of a popular chocolate bar with a childhood picture of Ilkay Gundogan
(Ferdinand Ostrop/AP/PA)

In response to these far-right fanatics, the German satire magazine Titanic swiftly posted a “PEGIDA-Edition” spoof of the chocolate bars. On these bars childhood photos of Adolf Hitler and Anders Behring Breivik, the far-right Norwegian man who killed 77 people in a 2011 rampage, appear instead.

Ferrero, which is based in Italy, said on its Facebook site devoted to the German “Kinder” bars that it was against “any form of hatred of foreigners or discrimination”.

“We also don’t accept or tolerate this in our Facebook communities,” the company said.

[descriptionshort] =>

The far right are far from impressed with Kinder's latest surprise.

[movie] => [publication_date] => 2016-05-25 [publication_date1] => 25th May 2016 [publication_time] => 16:23:00 [tags] => International [meta_keywords] => Germany, chocolate, Kinder, European Championships, football [meta_description] => Kinder chocolate bars have images of German footballers on the packaging and it's causing a bit of upset ahead of the European Championships [createtime] => 2016-05-25 [lastactiontime] => 2016-05-25 16:53:20 [user_name] => Grace Harris [desc1] => The far right are far from impressed with Kinder's latest surprise. [desc2] => Germany's national football team have appeared on the packaging for a popular chocolate brand [comments] => 0 [cat] => Array ( [name] => International [news_categoryid] => 38 [parentid] => 1 [link] => International/ ) [link] => International/2016-05-25/kinder_shockolade_farright_angry_at_multiethnic_chocolate_packaging.html [picture] => admin/images/basic/min/18401_300_200.jpg [picture1] => admin/images/basic/min/18401_120_90.jpg [picture3] => http://www.thenationalstudent.com/admin/images/basic/18401.jpg ) [12300] => Array ( [newsid] => 12300 [position] => 0 [score] => 4 [state] => 3 [visits] => 346 [news_categoryid] => ,39, [universityid] => 555 [userid] => 2817 [userid1] => 0 [ban_main] => 0 [ban_cat] => 0 [main_page] => 0 [title] => London Bratwurst chain launches Brexit-inspired hot dog [urltitle] => Weird/2016-05-25/london_bratwurst_chain_launches_brexit_inspired_hot_dog.html [alternate_title] => [description] =>

While you're mulling over the pros and cons of Brexit, we've just learned of the perfect meal to help you think.

London deli Herman ze German is releasing Ze Big Brexit Dog in honour of the big decision - half the size, twice the price.

 

In contrast to Herman ze German's famous gluten and lactose-free sausages, proudly based out of the free-range Black Forest farm, well...the restaurant calls this hot dog "the wurst decision ever." A bit of symbolism, eh?

But hey, the hot dog comes with Herman's own ketchup and mustard with lots of raw onions. It's the universal choice for EU lovers and Brexit fans alike. And when you've finished scarfing it down, you'll be able to reflect on the impending referendum.

The best part? Every time the hot dog is ordered at any of the Herman ze German locations, this lovely rendition of Ode to Joy, featuring Boris Johnson himself, will be blasted on the microphone for all restaurant-goers to enjoy.

Being Europeans, the bratwurst experts at Herman are understandably invested in the upcoming vote - and as a result are asking some very important questions. Questions like, "Can man live on Cumberland alone?" and "Dare we close our borders to a whole continent’s worth of sausage?" and "Is it time to say au revoir to our French saucisson loving brothers? Adiós to chorizo and arrivederci to salsiccia?"

The main question, of course, is whether or not it's "time to stand united through our Europe wide and undisputed love of sausage."

Answers worth considering over a bratwurst, we think. 

The limited-edition dog will be available at all three locations of Herman ze German - Charing Cross, Charlotte Street and Soho - from June 1st to the big day on June 23rd.

[descriptionshort] =>

They're calling it the "wurst decision ever."

[movie] => [publication_date] => 2016-05-25 [publication_date1] => 25th May 2016 [publication_time] => 16:00:00 [tags] => food, weird [meta_keywords] => hot dog, herman ze german, brexit, eu, referendum, boris johnson, food [meta_description] => This article announces Herman ze German's new Brexit-inspired hot dog. [createtime] => 2016-05-25 [lastactiontime] => 2016-05-25 15:50:39 [user_name] => Allie Hitchcock [desc1] => They're calling it the "wurst decision ever." [desc2] => While you're mulling over the pros and cons of Brexit, we've just learned of the perfect meal t [comments] => 0 [cat] => Array ( [name] => Weird [news_categoryid] => 39 [parentid] => 1 [link] => Weird/ ) [link] => Weird/2016-05-25/london_bratwurst_chain_launches_brexit_inspired_hot_dog.html [picture] => admin/images/basic/min/18402_300_200.jpg [picture1] => admin/images/basic/min/18402_120_90.jpg [picture3] => http://www.thenationalstudent.com/admin/images/basic/18402.jpg ) [12294] => Array ( [newsid] => 12294 [position] => 0 [score] => 3 [state] => 3 [visits] => 386 [news_categoryid] => ,1, [universityid] => 555 [userid] => 2831 [userid1] => 0 [ban_main] => 0 [ban_cat] => 0 [main_page] => 0 [title] => Eddie Izzard speaks at EU referendum university debate [urltitle] => News/2016-05-25/eddie_izzard_speaks_at_eu_referendum_university_debate.html [alternate_title] => Eddie Izzard speaks to uni students [description] =>

While Eddie Izzard has confessed he thinks the European Union (EU) is difficult and too bureaucratic, he has also more recently taken to the stage to urge young people to vote 'In' and “make it work”.

The comedian said he considers himself a British European, and wants the younger generation to have the same opportunities he did when he travelled around Europe in his heyday.

The stage in question was at Reading University Students' Union, where he went head-to-head with Tory MEP Daniel Hannan.

Eddie Izzard and Daniel Hannan at an EU referendum debate
(Ben Birchall/PA)

At the debate Izzard listed big names such as Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, and organisations like the International Monetary Fund and the Confederation of British Industry, who have warned Britain that leaving the EU would be a bad idea.

Commenting on the EU, he said: “It is a good force for change. It’s difficult, it’s too bureaucratic, I totally agree with that. But no-one’s ever tried to do this before, so we should be trying to do it.”

He added: “I just think we should stay in and try and make it work. We have to work like crazy to make it work. It’s not easy but I just don’t think pulling out is the right idea.”

 

One of Izzards key messages throughout the debate was that "humanity" should be a priority. He said: “It (humanity) overrides everything surely. It’s the thing you’ve got to put at the top in trying to get to a place, a world, where everyone has the same chance.”

Working against Izzard's argument that Britain can make its EU membership more beneficial, Hannan noted that the Prime Minister has made numerous visits across Europe in a bid to secure a renegotiation.

He said these had failed, and added: “Just ask yourselves one question. Look at how intransigent the EU showed itself to be – how unable or how unwilling to reform and ask yourselves this: If this is how we were treated now, the second largest net contributor, before we had our referendum, how would we be treated if we voted to remain?

Daniel Hannan MEP speaks during an EU referendum debate
(Ben Birchall/PA)

“Any idea that we could stay in and then try and reform it having thrown that part away – it would be laughed at in Brussels.”

Hannan is a prominent Eurosceptic and described the EU as “obsolete”, adding: “It is a hangover from an earlier age – a relic of the 1950s.”

He said: “I would not be asking you to serve me with my P45 if I were not confident that the economy as a whole will do better outside the European Union.”

Izzard is travelling around 31 cities in the UK to speak to young people and urge them to register by June 7th to vote in the referendum on June 23rd.

[descriptionshort] =>

Eddie Izzard wants "humanity" to be the focus of the referendum on June 23rd

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For those of you hoping to become a millionaire, a new report suggests that the idea may not actually be that far-fetched. It seems that an 18-year-old starting their career in 2016 can expect to earn their first £1 million just after turning 46, according to projections.

A report from Prudential found that current 18-year-olds on an average salary will have earned a total of £1 million during their working life by 2044 – at the age of 46 years and one month.

Using earnings figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS), Prudential estimated an 18-year-old will be earning £10,361 in 2016, building up to a typical wage of £51,679 just 28 years later.

A happy teenager looks at her phone
£1 million? Get in (AntonioGuillem/Thinkstock)

But, although £1 million is pretty nice, these earners will also have paid over £138,500 in tax and £99,680 in National Insurance by that point.

The figures are based on the assumption that future average wage inflation will mirror average pay increases seen between 2006 and 2015.

The age at which workers reach their first million differs across the country, however; in London, for example, workers will reach their million-pound milestone aged just 39, while workers in Wales will be aged 50 by the time they hit this target.  

Vince Smith-Hughes, a retirement income expert at Prudential, said: “For many people it can be surprising just how much a lifetime of earnings can add up to. With many people now working until later in life, someone earning the projected average salary over their career can expect to earn a total of over £2 million in their lifetime.

English money with a calculator and pen
Where you live will affect how long it will take you to earn £1 million (sbhaumik/Thinkstock)

“With this in mind, the approach of saving as much as possible as early as possible in life is the most likely way for most people to be able to secure a comfortable income in retirement. Workers who have the opportunity to contribute to a workplace pension scheme will benefit from employer contributions as well as making a dent in the more than £200,000 they would have to pay the tax man on their first earned million.

“There are many different types of saving products with different levels of tax efficiency depending on your circumstance, and it should be remembered for example that the new Lifetime Isa will be another option when it becomes available in April 2017.”

[descriptionshort] =>

Put the champers on chill (until 2044)

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Eddie Izzard wants "humanity" to be the focus of the referendum on June 23rd

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