The problem people with a disability face in the job market
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Another interview, another panel of people asking you questions, you ‘ve prepared for that interview for a week, you know how to answer the questions by heart, all you need to do is to show up and win them over, that’s all. But do you know that less than 50% of the people with a disability in the EU are employed, according to the last research made in 2011 by Eurostat? Or that there is a wide discrepancy between the percentage of people with basic difficulties and minor work limitations? According to the data available, half of the people with disabilities of working age are not employed and they are not economically active within the EU. There are many reasons why this is the case, but the fact remains that half of the population with a basic or high level of disability are unemployed. The statistics further indicate that the main reason for leaving a job is an issue related to a person's disability, with 30% of people with a disability aged between 15 and 44 years old admitting to leaving a job due to their illness or disability. The second most common reason is temporary employment, with their contracts ending. In regards to employment patterns, the percentage of disabled people working from home is 2% higher than the people without disabilities in the EU. Exceptions to this pattern are Belgium, Denmark, Germany, France, Slovenia, and Slovakia. Moreover, in regards to full–time employment versus part-time work, in the EU the people with basic disabilities are more likely to work part-time than others (the gap is around 8%). Regarding the work environment, the percentage of people with working limitations caused by a longstanding health problem and/or a basic activity difficulty (LHPAD) across the union varies from country to country. For example, the top three countries with highest numbers are Romania (75%), Hungary (74%), and Poland (72%) respectively, followed by the UK (68%). Lack of suitable job opportunities is another factor which plays a crucial role and the statistics vary again depending on each individual country and specifications. However, over 50% of the disabled people in Bulgaria, Estonia, Greece, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovakia indicated this as a major setback according to Eurostat. Another factor is a lack of suitable qualifications or experience, which is indicated by 25% in Bulgaria, Austria, and Finland.
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